Asthma & Allergies

ABC Pediatrics Fresno -  - Pediatrician

ABC Pediatrics Fresno

Pediatrician located in Fresno, CA

For many children, asthma and allergies go hand in hand. As Katayoon Shahinfar, MD, knows, allergies can significantly affect asthma symptoms and vice versa. That’s why Dr. Shahinfar offers a variety of asthma and allergy treatments at ABC Pediatrics Fresno in Fresno, California. Without treatment, asthma and allergies can interfere with your child’s ability to enjoy school, sports, and more. Call ABC Pediatrics Fresno to learn more.

Asthma & Allergies Q&A

What are asthma and allergies?

Asthma and allergies are two chronic conditions that often occur together in adults and children alike. While the conditions have many differences, they share several triggers and can affect the body in similar ways.


Asthma causes chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes. As a result, your child’s airways narrow and produce mucus, which restricts airflow. The condition ranges in severity from minor to life-threatening. Some children only experience asthma flare-ups when they’re sick, while others experience symptoms constantly.


An allergy is an overreaction from the immune system to a substance that is normally harmless. The immune system’s primary role is to protect the body from foreign invaders, like viruses and infectious diseases. 

Sometimes, the immune system recognizes an innocuous substance, like milk, as dangerous. When it detects this substance — called an allergen — in your body, it triggers an allergic reaction. 

For some children, allergies manifest in a runny nose and watery eyes. In others, an allergy can cause wheezing, hives, and even anaphylaxis — a life-threatening reaction.

How are asthma and allergies related?

Many children with asthma also have allergies and vice versa. This happens because the two conditions share many of the same triggers, such as certain medications and sudden weather changes.

One of the most common forms of asthma is allergy-induced asthma. If your child is exposed to a specific allergen, such as pollen, it can trigger an allergic reaction. While the reaction may cause a runny nose and congestion, it can also affect the respiratory system and provoke an asthma flare-up.

How are asthma and allergies treated?

While asthma and allergies typically require separate treatments, some medications and therapies can minimize the symptoms of both conditions, including:

  • Immunotherapy (allergy shots)
  • Anti-immunoglobulin E (IgE) therapy
  • Leukotriene modifier

Each of these treatments targets your child’s immune system to minimize their allergy symptoms. This also reduces their chance of experiencing a serious asthmatic response.

If your child has allergies and asthma, they may need additional medications to manage both conditions.

To learn more about asthma and allergies, call ABC Pediatrics Fresno to schedule an appointment today.